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Behavioral Health

Oppositional Defiant Disorder

Identifying Oppositional Defiant Disorder

When a child is extremely uncooperative and/or disobedient, and defies authority figures, he or she may be suffering from Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD). ODD is a mental disorder that is usually diagnosed during childhood. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders—Fifth Edition (DSM-5), in order to meet disorder criteria, a child must exhibit a pattern of negative, hostile, and defiant behavior lasting at least six months, during which four or more of the following behaviors are present:

Angry Irritable Mood

  • Often loses temper
  • Is often touchy or easily annoyed
  • Is often angry and resentful

Argumentative/Defiant Behavior

  • Often argues with authority figures or, for children and teens, with adults
  • Often actively defies or refuses to comply with requests from authority figures or with rules
  • Often deliberately annoys others
  • Often blames others for his or her mistakes or misbehaviors


  • Has been spiteful or vindictive at least twice within the past 6 months

More on Oppositional Defiant Disorder


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Professional Help

Take the first important step to seeking help, and learn about breaking down barriers to treatment.

Treatment Options

Review the recommended treatment options for ODD.

Self-Help Resources

Find a variety of tools; including fact sheets, videos, books and web sites to support service members, families and friends in understanding ADHD.

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