Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Identifying Oppositional Defiant Disorder
When a child is extremely uncooperative and/or disobedient, and defies authority figures, he or she may be suffering from Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD). ODD is a mental disorder that is usually diagnosed during childhood. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders—Fifth Edition (DSM-5), in order to meet disorder criteria, a child must exhibit a pattern of negative, hostile, and defiant behavior lasting at least six months, during which four or more of the following behaviors are present:
Angry Irritable Mood
- Often loses temper
- Is often touchy or easily annoyed
- Is often angry and resentful
- Often argues with authority figures or, for children and teens, with adults
- Often actively defies or refuses to comply with requests from authority figures or with rules
- Often deliberately annoys others
- Often blames others for his or her mistakes or misbehaviors
- Has been spiteful or vindictive at least twice within the past 6 months
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